Edward Kennedy " Duke" Ellington (April 30, 1899 – May twenty-four, 1974) was an American the composer, pianist, and bandleader. Fight it out Ellington was thought to be probably the most influential numbers in jazz music, if not in all American music. After his loss of life in 1974, he started to be even more well-known. He actually received an exclusive award quotation from the Pulitzer Prize Table. Ellington named his music " American Music" rather than jazz. He liked to describe those who impressed him since " over and above category”. Those belonging to this kind of group included many of the music artists who offered with his orchestra. Some of his band users were among the list of giants of jazz and performed with Ellington's orchestra for decades. It was Duke Ellington, however , who also melded them into one of the very most well-known orchestral units in the history of punk. He frequently composed particularly for the style and skills of such individuals. A few of these songs included " Jeep's Blues" for Johnny Hodges, " Concerto for Cootie" (" Bum Till You Hear from Me" ) pertaining to Cootie Williams and " The Mooche" for Challenging Sam Nanton. He as well recorded songs written by his bandsmen, including Juan Tizol's " Caravan" and " Perdido" which brought the " Spanish Tinge" to big-band jazz. After 1941, he began to collaborate with composer-arranger Billy Strayhorn. Ellington often referred to Billy Strayhorn since his " alter-ego”. Duke Ellington is considered one of the twentieth century's best-known artists. He also recorded for many American record firms, and made an appearance in several movies. Ellington and his orchestra toured the United States and Europe frequently before and after World War II. He led his band from 1923 until his death in 1974. His son, Mercer Ellington, extended touring while using band until his death from tumor in 1996. Paul Ellington, Mercer's most youthful son, overtook the orchestra in 1996. After his mother's completing, Paul Ellington took over the estate of Duke and Mercer Ellington.