Planning Function of Management
| Planning means looking ahead and chalking out future courses of actions to be adopted. It is a preparatory step. It is a systematic activity which determines when, just how and who may be going to execute a specific task. Planning can be described as detailed plan regarding foreseeable future courses of action. It is appropriately said " Well strategy is half done”. Therefore planning will take into consideration offered & possible human and physical methods of the organization so as to get powerful co-ordination, contribution & excellent adjustment. Is it doesn't basic supervision function consisting of formulation of 1 or more in depth plans to attain optimum stability of requires or demands with the readily available resources. Relating to Urwick, " Preparing is a mental predisposition to do things in orderly method, to think ahead of acting and act inside the light of facts rather than guesses”. Planning is selecting best option among others to do different bureaucratic functions in order to achieve predetermined goals. | According to Koontz & O'Donell, " Planning is deciding in advance what to do, tips on how to do and who is to do it. Planning connections the gap between wherever we are to, where we want to go. That makes possible what you should occur which in turn would not normally occur”. Steps in Planning Function
Planning function of management involves following actions: -
1 ) Establishment of objectives
a. Planning requires a systematic approach.
n. Planning depends on the environment of objectives to be accomplished. c. Objectives provide a explanation for undertaking various activities as well as reveal direction of efforts. m. Moreover targets focus the attention of managers on the end results to be achieved. at the. As a matter of fact, objectives provide nucleus to the organizing process. Therefore , objectives needs to be stated in a clear, precise and unambiguous terminology. Otherwise the activities...